Canadian Journal of Statistics

Variable selection and estimation in generalized linear models with the seamless penalty

Journal Article

Abstract

In this paper, we propose variable selection and estimation in generalized linear models using the seamless equation image (SELO) penalized likelihood approach. The SELO penalty is a smooth function that very closely resembles the discontinuous equation image penalty. We develop an efficient algorithm to fit the model, and show that the SELO‐GLM procedure has the oracle property in the presence of a diverging number of variables. We propose a Bayesian information criterion (BIC) to select the tuning parameter. We show that under some regularity conditions, the proposed SELO‐GLM/BIC procedure consistently selects the true model. We perform simulation studies to evaluate the finite sample performance of the proposed methods. Our simulation studies show that the proposed SELO‐GLM procedure has a better finite sample performance than several existing methods, especially when the number of variables is large and the signals are weak. We apply the SELO‐GLM to analyze a breast cancer genetic dataset to identify the SNPs that are associated with breast cancer risk. The Canadian Journal of Statistics 40: 745–769; 2012 © 2012 Statistical Society of Canada

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