Journal of Time Series Analysis

Real‐time covariance estimation for the local level model

Journal Article

This article develops on‐line inference for the multivariate local level model, with the focus being placed on covariance estimation of the innovations. We assess the application of the inverse Wishart prior distribution in this context and find it too restrictive since the serial correlation structure of the observation and state innovations are forced to be the same. We generalize the inverse Wishart distribution to allow for a more convenient correlation structure, but still retaining approximate conjugacy. We prove some relevant results for the new distribution and we develop approximate Bayesian inference, which allows simultaneous forecasting of time series data and estimation of the covariance of the innovations of the model. We provide results on the steady state of the level of the time series, which are deployed to achieve computational savings. Using Monte Carlo experiments, we compare the proposed methodology with existing estimation procedures. An example with real data consisting of production data from an industrial process is given.

Related Topics

Related Publications

Related Content

Site Footer


This website is provided by John Wiley & Sons Limited, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex PO19 8SQ (Company No: 00641132, VAT No: 376766987)

Published features on are checked for statistical accuracy by a panel from the European Network for Business and Industrial Statistics (ENBIS)   to whom Wiley and express their gratitude. This panel are: Ron Kenett, David Steinberg, Shirley Coleman, Irena Ograjenšek, Fabrizio Ruggeri, Rainer Göb, Philippe Castagliola, Xavier Tort-Martorell, Bart De Ketelaere, Antonio Pievatolo, Martina Vandebroek, Lance Mitchell, Gilbert Saporta, Helmut Waldl and Stelios Psarakis.