Quality and Reliability Engineering International

Using a genetic algorithm to generate D‐optimal designs for mixture‐process variable experiments

Journal Article

Abstract This article presents and develops a genetic algorithm (GA) to generate D‐efficient designs for mixture‐process variable experiments. It is assumed the levels of a process variable are controlled during the process. The GA approach searches design points from a set of possible points over a continuous region and works without having a finite user‐defined candidate set. We compare the performance of designs generated by the GA with designs generated by two exchange algorithms (DETMAX and k‐exchange) in terms of D‐efficiencies and fraction of design space (FDS) plots which are used to evaluate a design's prediction variance properties. To illustrate the methodology, examples involving three and four mixture components and one process variable are proposed for creating the optimal designs. The results show that GA designs have superior prediction variance properties in comparison with the DETMAX and k‐exchange algorithm designs when the design space is the simplex or is a highly‐constrained subspace of the simplex.

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