Time‐dependent shortest paths with discounted waits

Journal Article

Abstract We study a variant of the shortest path problem in a congested environment. In this setting, the travel time of each arc is represented by a piecewise continuous affine function of departure time. Besides, the driver is allowed to wait at nodes to avoid wasting time in traffic. While waiting, the driver is able to perform useful tasks for her job or herself, so the objective is to minimize only driving time. Although optimal solutions may contain cycles and pseudo‐polynomially many arcs, we provide a representation of the solutions that is polynomial in the absolute value of the inverse of the slopes as well as in the dimensions of the graph. We further prove that the problem is ‐Hard when the slopes are integer. We introduce a restriction of the problem where waits must be integer and propose pseudo‐polynomial algorithms for the latter. We also provide a pseudo‐FPTAS, polynomial in the ratio between the bound on the total waiting time and the minimum travel time. Finally, we discuss harder variants of the problem and show their inapproximability.

Related Topics

Related Publications

Related Content

Site Footer


This website is provided by John Wiley & Sons Limited, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex PO19 8SQ (Company No: 00641132, VAT No: 376766987)

Published features on are checked for statistical accuracy by a panel from the European Network for Business and Industrial Statistics (ENBIS)   to whom Wiley and express their gratitude. This panel are: Ron Kenett, David Steinberg, Shirley Coleman, Irena Ograjenšek, Fabrizio Ruggeri, Rainer Göb, Philippe Castagliola, Xavier Tort-Martorell, Bart De Ketelaere, Antonio Pievatolo, Martina Vandebroek, Lance Mitchell, Gilbert Saporta, Helmut Waldl and Stelios Psarakis.