Quality and Reliability Engineering International

Weibull analysis for normal/accelerated and fatigue random vibration test

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Abstract In this paper, the formula to estimate the sample size n to perform a random vibration test is derived only from the desired reliability (R(t)). Then, the addressed n value is used to design the ISO16750‐3 random vibration test IV for both normal and accelerated conditions. For the normal case, the applied random vibration stress (S) is modeled by using the Weibull stress distribution [W(s)]. Similarly, for the testing time (t), the Weibull time distribution [W(t)] is used to model its random behavior. For the accelerated case, by using the over‐stress factor fitted from the W(t) and W(s) distributions, four accelerated scenarios are formulated with their corresponding testing's profiles. Additionally, from the W(s) analysis, the stress formulation to perform the fatigue and Mohr stress analysis is given. Since the given Weibull/fatigue formulation is general, then the formulas to determine the W(s) parameters, which correspond to any principal stresses values and/or vice versa, are given. Although the application is performed to demonstrate R(t) = 0.97 by testing only n2 = 6 parts, the guidelines to use the values given in columns n, S, and t of the Weibull analysis table to generate several accelerated testing plans are given.

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