Random Structures & Algorithms

On the threshold problem for Latin boxes

Early View

Let m ≤ n ≤ k. An m × n × k 0‐1 array is a Latin box if it contains exactly m n ones, and has at most one 1 in each line. As a special case, Latin boxes in which m = n = k are equivalent to Latin squares. Let be the distribution on m × n × k 0‐1 arrays where each entry is 1 with probability p, independently of the other entries. The threshold question for Latin squares asks when contains a Latin square with high probability. More generally, when does support a Latin box with high probability? Let ε > 0. We give an asymptotically tight answer to this question in the special cases where n = k and , and where n = m and . In both cases, the threshold probability is . This implies threshold results for Latin rectangles and proper edge‐colorings of Kn,n.

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