Canadian Journal of Statistics

Prior‐based model checking

Journal Article


Model checking procedures are considered based on the use of the Dirichlet process and relative belief. This combination is seen to lead to some unique advantages for this problem. Of considerable importance is the selection of the hyperparameters for the Dirichlet process. A particular choice is advocated here for the base distribution that avoids prior‐data conflict and double use of the data, while the choice of the concentration parameter is based on elicitation. Several examples are presented in which the proposed approach exhibits excellent performance. The Canadian Journal of Statistics 46: 380–398; 2018 © 2018 Statistical Society of Canada

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