Canadian Journal of Statistics

On the simultaneous effects of model misspecification and errors in variables

Journal Article


Model misspecification and noisy covariate measurements are two common sources of inference bias. There is considerable literature on the consequences of each problem in isolation. In this paper, however, the author investigates their combined effects. He shows that in the context of linear models, the large‐sample error in estimating the regression function may be partitioned in two terms quantifying the impact of these sources of bias. This decomposition reveals trade‐offs between the two biases in question in a number of scenarios. After presenting a finite‐sample version of the decomposition, the author studies the relative impacts of model misspecification, covariate imprecision, and sampling variability, with reference to the detectability of the model misspecification via diagnostic plots.

Related Topics

Related Publications

Related Content

Site Footer


This website is provided by John Wiley & Sons Limited, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex PO19 8SQ (Company No: 00641132, VAT No: 376766987)

Published features on are checked for statistical accuracy by a panel from the European Network for Business and Industrial Statistics (ENBIS)   to whom Wiley and express their gratitude. This panel are: Ron Kenett, David Steinberg, Shirley Coleman, Irena Ograjenšek, Fabrizio Ruggeri, Rainer Göb, Philippe Castagliola, Xavier Tort-Martorell, Bart De Ketelaere, Antonio Pievatolo, Martina Vandebroek, Lance Mitchell, Gilbert Saporta, Helmut Waldl and Stelios Psarakis.