Canadian Journal of Statistics

On the simultaneous effects of model misspecification and errors in variables

Journal Article

Abstract

Model misspecification and noisy covariate measurements are two common sources of inference bias. There is considerable literature on the consequences of each problem in isolation. In this paper, however, the author investigates their combined effects. He shows that in the context of linear models, the large‐sample error in estimating the regression function may be partitioned in two terms quantifying the impact of these sources of bias. This decomposition reveals trade‐offs between the two biases in question in a number of scenarios. After presenting a finite‐sample version of the decomposition, the author studies the relative impacts of model misspecification, covariate imprecision, and sampling variability, with reference to the detectability of the model misspecification via diagnostic plots.

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