Journal of Time Series Analysis

A Robbins–Monro Algorithm for Non‐Parametric Estimation of NAR Process with Markov Switching: Consistency

Journal Article

We approach the problem of non‐parametric estimation for autoregressive Markov switching processes. In this context, the Nadaraya–Watson‐type regression functions estimator is interpreted as a solution of a local weighted least‐square problem, which does not admit a closed‐form solution in the case of hidden Markov switching. We introduce a non‐parametric recursive algorithm to approximate the estimator. Our algorithm restores the missing data by means of a Monte Carlo step and estimates the regression function via a Robbins–Monro step. We prove that non‐parametric autoregressive models with Markov switching are identifiable when the hidden Markov process has a finite state space. Consistency of the estimator is proved using the strong α‐mixing property of the model. Finally, we present some simulations illustrating the performances of our non‐parametric estimation procedure.

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