Each week, we select a recently published Open Access article to feature. This week’s article comes from Statistics in Medicine and studies household transmission of influenza.
The article’s abstract is given below, with the full article available to read here.
Household transmission of influenza A and B within a prospective cohort during the 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 seasons. Statistics in Medicine. 2021; 40( 28): 6260– 6276. https://doi.org/10.1002/sim.9181, , , , , .
People living within the same household as someone ill with influenza are at increased risk of infection. Here, we use Markov chain Monte Carlo methods to partition the hazard of influenza illness within a cohort into the hazard from the community and the hazard from the household. During the 2013-2014 influenza season, 49 (4.7%) of the 1044 people enrolled in a community surveillance cohort had an acute respiratory illness (ARI) attributable to influenza. During the 2014-2015 influenza season, 50 (4.7%) of the 1063 people in the cohort had an ARI attributable to influenza. The secondary attack rate from a household member was 2.3% for influenza A (H1) during 2013-2014, 5.3% for influenza B during 2013-2014, and 7.6% for influenza A (H3) during 2014-2015. Living in a household with a person ill with influenza increased the risk of an ARI attributable to influenza up to 350%, depending on the season and the influenza virus circulating within the household.