Open Access from Scandinavian Journal of Statistics: Optimal designs for the development of personalized treatment rules

 Each week, we select a recently published Open Access article to feature. This week’s article comes from the Scandinavian Journal of Statistics and analyses multi-armed parallel group clinical trial designs to identify the best treatment for a patient with given covariates.

The article’s abstract is given below, with the full article available to read here.  

Azriel, D.Rinott, Y., & Posch, M. (2022). Optimal designs for the development of personalized treatment rulesScand J Statist1– 28

We study the design of multi-armed parallel group clinical trials to estimate personalized treatment rules that identify the best treatment for a given patient with given covariates. Assuming that the outcomes in each treatment arm are given by a homoscedastic linear model, with possibly different variances between treatment arms, and that the trial subjects form a random sample from an unselected overall population, we optimize the (possibly randomized) treatment allocation allowing the allocation rates to depend on the covariates. We find that, for the case of two treatments, the approximately optimal allocation rule does not depend on the value of the covariates but only on the variances of the responses. In contrast, for the case of three treatments or more, the optimal treatment allocation does depend on the values of the covariates as well as the true regression coefficients. The methods are illustrated with a recently published dietary clinical trial.

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