Open Access: Fast model-based clustering of partial records

Each week, we select a recently published Open Access article to feature. This week’s article comes from Stat and proposes a new clustering methodology for partial recorded data that uses the marginal density of the observed values.

The article’s abstract is given below, with the full article available to read here.

Goren, E. M., & Maitra, R. (2022). Fast model-based clustering of partial recordsStat111), e416.

Partially recorded data are frequently encountered in many applications and usually clustered by first removing incomplete cases or features with missing values, or by imputing missing values, followed by application of a clustering algorithm to the resulting altered dataset. Here, we develop clustering methodology through a model-based approach using the marginal density for the observed values, assuming a finite mixture model of multivariate t distributions. We compare our approximate algorithm to the corresponding full expectation–maximization (EM) approach that considers missing values in the incomplete dataset and makes a missing at random (MAR) assumption, as well as case deletion and imputation methods. Since only the observed values are utilized, our approach is computationally more efficient than imputation or full EM. Simulation studies demonstrate that our approach has favourable recovery of the true cluster partition compared to case deletion and imputation under various missingness mechanisms and is at least competitive with the full EM approach, even when MAR assumptions are violated. Our methodology is demonstrated on a problem of clustering gamma-ray bursts and is implemented at

More Details