Open Access: Design of experiments and manufacturing design space for multi‐step processes

Each week, we select a recently published Open Access article to feature. This week’s article comes from Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry and considers a statistical approach to design experiments.

The article’s abstract is given below, with the full article available to read here.

Frieri, RMariti, MPaludi, MDesign of experiments and manufacturing design space for multi‐step processesAppl Stochastic Models Bus Ind20211– 19

Most industrial processes are composed of multiple subsequent steps. In this article, we provide a statistical approach to design experiments and to define the manufacturing design space of multi‐step processes by taking into account the complex system of interactions among steps. We consider each intermediate outcome as an additional input factor in the next step and we plan experiments following a particular sequential structure. To encompass the potential deviations from the target levels of such input factors, designs are selected according to the D‐optimality in average criterion and, in order to assess their prediction capabilities, a suitable extension of the fraction of design space technique has been proposed. The manufacturing design space of the process is then defined by combining the interconnected manufacturing design spaces of the process steps and by deriving the linear combination of the process inputs that ensures the required quality standard for the final outcome. Appealing properties of this approach are also shown by the application to a three‐steps biochemical process of expression and purification of a recombinant protein in which 10 input factors are included in the design.

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